Animal Health

Chemical Immobilization of Animals:
White-tailed Deer, Elk, Non-Native Cervids,
and Exotic Hoofstock


This is Safe-Capture’s Internationally Acclaimed 16-Hour Chemical Immobilization Workshop for those
working with: White-tailed Deer, Elk, Non-Native Deer (Mule, Fallow, Sika, Axis, Red, Reindeer),
Blackbuck, Oryx, Bison, Sheep, Zebra, Boar, and other Exotic Hoofstock

Over 90% of our workshop participants rate our training programs “excellent”
– many stating this was “the best workshop they had ever attended!”

Multimedia Lecture Presentation and Discussion (14 Hours)

  • Custom drug combinations and formulations which minimize induction times-the time from dart impact until the animal is immobilized. (Dr. Amass has drug combinations and techniques that will safely immobilize a White-tailed Deer in 64 seconds, with drug combinations now mixed according to ambient temperature!)

  • Safe and reliable drug and dosage recommendations for Deer, Elk, and Exotic Hoofstock in various levels of confinement-from tame animals in close captivity, to wild temperament animals that are in large enclosures or free-ranging. (One drug combination or dosage does not fit all situations!)

  • Proper injection sites to ensure rapid drug absorption and effects.

  • Capture strategies to minimize capture stress on the animal, and procedural stress of the operator.

  • Drug delivery technology: Advantages and disadvantages of the various commercially available darting systems including Pneu-dart, Telinject, Daninject, Palmer, Paxarms, and Distinject. Choosing the system to best fit your needs-maximizing the utility of the dart projector/tranquilizer gun you already have.

  • Sighting Techniques in dart projectors/tranquilizer guns to ensure accurate, atraumatic dart delivery.

  • Techniques and modifications which are necessary to have field accuracy and consistent results with currently manufactured darting systems and radiotracking devices.

  • Dosage calculation

  • How to re-dose animals incompletely immobilized on approach.

  • “Superconcentrated” drugs: Where to obtain and how to use them to give you a faster knockdown, and allow you to use smaller, less traumatic darts.

  • Post Immobilization Care of Deer, Elk, and Exotic Hoofstock: Species specific tips on proper body and head position to prevent aspiration, dart removal techniques to minimize tissue trauma and techniques of wound care to decrease the chance of a dart wound abscess.

  • Medical monitoring: Assessment techniques to ensure the immobilized animal stays physiologically stable throughout the procedure. The “Vital Signs” – how to monitor and interpret temperature, pulse, heart rate, respiratory rate, capillary refill time, pulse oximetry, capnography-with checklists provided to help keep you organized and on track in the field.

  • Medical emergencies associated with capture and handling: How to prevent, recognize, and treat bloat, capture myopathy, shock, hyperthermia, hypothermia, seizures, and other complications which can be avoided and managed in association with chemical immobilization.

  • Immune suppression associated with capture and translocation.

  • When not to capture: The time of the year when Cervids and most susceptible to capture-related mortality (and it’s not rutting season).

  • Accidental human exposure to immobilizing medications: Which drugs are dangerous to humans? What can you expect with accidental human exposure? Standard Operating Procedures to prevent human exposure to immobilizing drugs. How to coordinate with your physician and local poison control to develop protocols should an accidental exposure occur.